The redrawing of districts for US House Representatives and the US Senate can have significant effects on the outcomes of elections. By choosing each voter’s district, state legislators can effectively determine the the relative weight of each voter’s voice, resulting in near-preordained election results. Through a study of the legal and philosophical building blocks of America’s districting system, I will investigate the roots of these problems. Much of this comes from analysis of Supreme Court opinions. I will also discuss other current and proposed systems that individual states implement. This will allow me to determine the criteria by which to measure a districting system’s fairness. A simultaneous analysis of the ongoing legal battles regarding North Carolina’s district maps makes the research applicable to current trends. Americans believe in the principle of one person-one vote. To restore Americans’ confidence in government, it is essential to discuss solutions to the ongoing issue of gerrymandering.